Gas, Cryo & Isotherm

Ensuring the Efficiency and Reliability of Gas Production

Dew Point
Control

Ensuring the Efficiency and Reliability of Gas Production

Gas
Dehydration

Ensures Efficiency and Safety in Natural Gas Production

Gas-Liquid
Separation

Essential Process in Oil and Gas Production

NGL/LPG Cryo
Recovery

Innovative Solutions in Industrial Processes

Isotherm
Power

Power at Zero Emission

Dew Point Control​

Ensuring the Efficiency and Reliability of Gas Production

Dew Point Control​ Description

Natural gas, like many other sources of combustible gas, often contains traces of water and other contaminants, which can cause corrosion problems and compromise the efficiency of the production process. Dew point control is used to remove these impurities by cooling the compressed gas to a temperature at which the water condenses and is then eliminated.

The dew point control process can be carried out using various methods, including refrigeration and absorption. In both cases, the ultimate goal is to cool the compressed gas to a temperature below the dew point, so that the water and other contaminants condense and can be removed from the system.

Dew point control is an important process for purifying natural gas, capable of ensuring the safety and reliability of gas production equipment and plants.

The control of water and hydrocarbon dew points in natural gas streams is essential for safe transportation and utilization of natural gases.

Depending on market specifications, typical natural gas dew points range from -5oC to -20oC for water dew point and from 0oC to -10oC for hydrocarbon dew point, while lower values may be required for subsea pipeline transportation.

Dew point control is a process that is used to remove water vapor from natural gas or CO2 streams by lowering the temperature of the gas or CO2 stream to below its dew point.

This process is important in reducing the moisture content of the gas or CO2 stream, which can cause corrosion and other problems in pipelines and processing facilities.

The dew point control technology involves cooling the gas or CO2 stream and passing it through a series of separators, which remove any condensed water.

 

Control of water and hydrocarbon dew points in natural gas streams is essential for safe transportation and utilization of natural gases.

Dew point control is a process used to remove water vapor from natural gas or CO2 streams by lowering the temperature of the gas or CO2 stream to below its dew point.

Dew point control is important in reducing the moisture content of the gas or CO2 stream, which can cause corrosion and other problems in pipelines and processing facilities.

Dew point control technology involves cooling the gas or CO2 stream and passing it through a series of separators to remove any condensed water.

Dew point control technology can be essential in creating high-purity CO2 for carbon credits.

The design and operation of dew point control systems can vary depending on the specific application and operating conditions, and factors such as gas composition, flow rate, pressure, and temperature can all affect the efficiency and performance of dew point control systems.

This process can be essential in creating high-purity CO2 for carbon credits. The resulting dry gas or CO2 is then sent to the next stage of processing or transported through pipelines.

Dew Point Control technology is widely used in the natural gas and CO2 processing industries to ensure safe and efficient transportation of gas and CO2 streams.

The design and operation of dew point control systems can vary depending on the specific application and operating conditions. Factors such as gas composition, flow rate, pressure, and temperature can all affect the efficiency and performance of dew point control systems.

In summary, dew point control is a crucial process in the natural gas and CO2 processing industries, which involves the removal of water vapor from gas streams by controlling the dew point of the gas or CO2 stream.

This process ensures the safe and efficient transportation of gas and CO2 streams, and is essential in the production of high-purity CO2 for carbon credits. 

Gas Dehydration

Ensures Efficiency and Safety in Natural Gas Production

Gas Dehydration Description

Gas dehydration is a process used to remove water from natural gas or other combustible gases. Water can be present in the gas as moisture or as free water, and can cause corrosion and efficiency problems in the production process. Gas dehydration is therefore essential to ensure that the gas is dry and suitable for use.

The gas dehydration process can be carried out using various methods, including heating, refrigeration, or absorption. In all cases, the aim is to remove water from the gas, making it dry and ready for use.

Dew point control is an important process for purifying natural gas, capable of ensuring the safety and reliability of gas production equipment and plants.

Gas dehydration is often used in the natural gas industry to remove water from compressed gas before its distribution. This ensures that the gas is suitable for use and does not cause corrosion or other damage to equipment or pipelines.

Gas dehydration is a process used to remove water from natural gas streams, which is necessary to prevent corrosion, hydrate formation, and other problems in pipelines and processing facilities.

This process involves the use of a desiccant material, such as silica gel or molecular sieves, which adsorb water from the gas stream as it passes through the dehydration unit. The resulting dry gas is then sent to the next stage of processing or transported through pipelines.

Gas dehydration is essential for the efficient and safe transportation of natural gas and helps to maintain the quality of the gas stream. It is commonly used in natural gas processing plants, offshore platforms, and pipelines, as well as in industrial applications such as chemical production and air conditioning.

The process can also improve the performance and reliability of gas-fired power plants by reducing the risk of corrosion and equipment failure. Overall, gas dehydration is a critical step in the production and transportation of natural gas, which is a significant contributor to global energy consumption.

Gas dehydration is a complex process that involves the removal of water molecules from natural gas streams.

The presence of water in gas streams can cause several problems, including corrosion, hydrate formation, and pipeline blockages, which can lead to equipment failure, reduced efficiency, and safety hazards.

To remove water from gas streams, desiccant materials such as silica gel, activated alumina, or molecular sieves are commonly used. These materials have high surface areas and can adsorb water molecules from gas streams through a process known as adsorption.

Gas dehydration is a critical process used to remove water from natural gas streams to prevent corrosion, hydrate formation, and other problems in pipelines and processing facilities.

Desiccant materials such as silica gel or molecular sieves are commonly used in the gas dehydration process, which adsorb water molecules from the gas stream as it passes through the dehydration unit.

The gas dehydration process involves two main stages: adsorption and regeneration. During adsorption, the desiccant material removes water molecules from the gas stream, and during regeneration, the desiccant material is heated to restore its adsorption capacity.

Gas dehydration is vital for the efficient and safe transportation of natural gas and is commonly used in natural gas processing plants, offshore platforms, pipelines, and industrial applications such as chemical production and air conditioning.

Factors such as gas composition, flow rate, pressure, and temperature can all affect the efficiency and performance of gas dehydration systems, and the design and operation of these systems can vary depending on the specific application and operating conditions.

Advances in materials science and engineering are continually improving the efficiency and performance of gas dehydration systems, enabling the safe and efficient transport of natural gas to meet the growing global demand for energy.

The gas dehydration process typically involves two main stages: adsorption and regeneration. During the adsorption stage, the wet gas stream is passed through a bed of desiccant material, where water molecules are adsorbed onto the surface of the desiccant.

The resulting dry gas is then sent to the next stage of processing or transported through pipelines.

The desiccant material used in the gas dehydration process needs to be periodically regenerated to restore its adsorption capacity.

This is typically done by heating the desiccant bed to a high temperature, which drives off the adsorbed water molecules and restores the desiccant’s adsorption capacity.

The design and operation of gas dehydration systems can vary depending on the specific application and operating conditions. Factors such as gas composition, flow rate, pressure, and temperature can all affect the efficiency and performance of gas dehydration systems.

Gas dehydration is an essential step in natural gas processing and transportation, and it plays a crucial role in maintaining the quality, safety, and reliability of natural gas supplies.

Advances in materials science and engineering are continually improving the efficiency and performance of gas dehydration systems, enabling the safe and efficient transport of natural gas to meet the growing global demand for energy.

Gas-Liquid Separation

An Essential Process in Oil and Gas Production

Gas-Liquid Separation Description

Gas-liquid separation is a process used to separate gas and liquid present in a gas mixture. Separation is necessary when gas and liquid need to be used or processed separately, for example in the production of oil and gas.

There are several methods for gas-liquid separation, including gravity, centrifugation, filtration, and compression. Gravity is the most common method and involves using the density difference between gas and liquid to separate them. In this process, the gas-liquid mixture is passed through a separation tank, where the heavier liquid settles at the bottom and the lighter gas accumulates at the top of the tank.

Centrifugation is a separation method based on centrifugal force, which separates the components of the mixture based on their density and mass. Filtration uses a membrane or filter to separate the components of the mixture based on their size and shape. Compression uses pressure to compress the gas and separate it from the liquid.

Gas-liquid separation is an important operation in the field of oil and gas, as it allows the extraction of natural gas or oil from underground, separation of gas and liquid, and safe and reliable transportation for further use or processing.

A fundamental step in each oil and gas processing unit is to segregate liquid and gas streams for further processing or recovery, or to protect the process media and equipment that treat the process gas.

Gas-liquidity separation is the process of separating CO2 from natural gas streams to create high-purity CO2 for carbon credits.

The separation is achieved through physical or chemical absorption processes such as amine scrubbing or membrane separation.

The resulting CO2 is then compressed and transported for use in carbon capture and storage or for sale as carbon credits. This technology is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting the use of cleaner fuels.

It is becoming increasingly important in industries that emit high levels of CO2, and the sale of carbon credits generated from this process can provide financial incentives for companies to reduce their carbon footprint.

Gas-liquidity separation is a highly advanced and complex process that involves multiple steps and technologies.

The first step is the removal of any liquids or condensates from the natural gas stream using separation techniques such as filters or centrifuges.

 

Gas-liquidity separation is a crucial step in oil and gas processing units that separates liquid and gas streams for further processing or to protect equipment.

The process separates CO2 from natural gas streams to create high-purity CO2 for carbon credits using physical or chemical absorption processes such as amine scrubbing or membrane separation.

The high-purity CO2 is compressed and transported for use in carbon capture and storage or for sale as carbon credits, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting the use of cleaner fuels.

This technology is essential for industries that emit high levels of CO2, such as power generation, cement production, and chemical processing.

The sale of carbon credits generated from this process can provide financial incentives for companies to reduce their carbon footprint.

Gas-liquidity separation is a complex process involving multiple steps and advanced technologies such as filters, centrifuges, and specially designed membranes.

Next, the CO2 is separated from the natural gas stream using physical or chemical absorption processes such as amine scrubbing or membrane separation.

Amine scrubbing involves passing the gas stream through an aqueous solution of amine compounds, which selectively react with CO2 to form a stable complex.

The CO2-rich solution is then stripped of the CO2 using heat or pressure, resulting in high-purity CO2.

Membrane separation uses specially designed membranes that allow CO2 to selectively pass through while blocking other gases.

The resulting high-purity CO2 is then compressed and transported for use in carbon capture and storage or for sale as carbon credits.

This technology is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting the use of cleaner fuels. It is increasingly important in industries that emit high levels of CO2, such as power generation, cement production, and chemical processing.

The sale of carbon credits generated from this process can provide financial incentives for companies to reduce their carbon footprint, making gas-liquidity separation a key tool in the fight against climate change. 

NGL/LPG Cryo Recovery

Innovative Solutions for Gas and Chemical Recovery in Industrial Processes

NGL/LPG Cryo Recovery Description

Cryo Recovery is used for the recovery of gas or chemicals in production or refining processes. The Cryo Recovery process involves the use of a low-temperature cooling system, usually using liquid nitrogen or other cryogenic substances, to cool the gas or chemical mixture. Cooling causes the desired substances to condense, which are then separated and recovered from the mixture.

Cryo Recovery is used in various industries, including the petrochemical industry, for the recovery of chemicals or gases such as ethane, methane or propane. The technology is particularly useful when the substances to be recovered are present in very small quantities or in mixtures with other substances, making their recovery difficult with other methods.

The recovery of NGL/LPG is typically accomplished through cryogenic processing, with minimum temperatures that can be as low as -80oC (NGLs) or -110oC (for high-efficiency C2 recovery).

Cryogenic processing requires proper gas dehydration, which is typically achieved using molecular sieves for lower temperatures.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery is a process used to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) from natural gas streams.

The process involves cooling the natural gas stream to a temperature where the NGLs and LPG can be liquefied and separated from the natural gas. The liquefied NGLs and LPG are then separated from each other using distillation or other separation techniques.

This process can also be used to recover CO2 from the natural gas stream by separating it from other gases.

The resulting high-purity CO2 can be used for carbon credits or other applications.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery technology is widely used in the natural gas industry and can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by capturing and separating CO2 and other gases from natural gas streams.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery is a highly specialized process used to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) from natural gas streams. The process involves several steps, including cooling the natural gas stream to a temperature where the NGLs and LPG can be liquefied and separated from the natural gas.

The liquefaction process typically involves the use of a cryogenic refrigeration system, which cools the natural gas stream to temperatures as low as -120°C (-184°F).

At these temperatures, the NGLs and LPG components of the natural gas stream condense into a liquid state and can be separated from the natural gas using various separation techniques.

The separated NGLs and LPG are then further processed using distillation or other separation techniques to remove impurities and obtain a final product with the desired composition and purity. The final product is then transported to storage tanks or directly to customers for use as fuel or other industrial applications.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery technology can also be used to recover CO2 from natural gas streams.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery is a highly specialized process used to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) from natural gas streams.

Cryogenic processing is the most common method used for NGL/LPG recovery, with minimum temperatures that can be as low as -80°C (NGLs) or -110°C (for high-efficiency C2 recovery).

The high-purity CO2 is compressed and transported for use in carbon capture and storage or for sale as carbon credits, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting the use of cleaner fuels.

Substance recovery efficiency: Cryo Recovery can achieve very high recovery efficiency, up to 99% in some applications.

Cryo Recovery can be an energy-efficient method for gas recovery, with lower energy consumption compared to other recovery methods.

Industrial applications: Cryo Recovery is used in various industries, including the petrochemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries.

This involves separating the CO2 from the other gases in the natural gas stream, which can then be liquefied and stored for use in carbon capture and storage (CCS) or other applications.

The resulting high-purity CO2 can be used for carbon credits or other applications, such as enhanced oil recovery, where the CO2 is injected into oil wells to enhance oil recovery rates.

NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery technology is widely used in the natural gas industry and can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by capturing and separating CO2 and other gases from natural gas streams.

The technology is also highly energy-efficient, with the liquefaction process requiring significantly less energy than other gas separation technologies.

In summary, NGL/LPG cryogenic recovery is a highly specialized process used to recover natural gas liquids and liquefied petroleum gas from natural gas streams.

The process involves cooling the natural gas stream to a temperature where the NGLs and LPG can be liquefied and separated from the natural gas.

The resulting high-purity CO2 can also be used for carbon credits or other applications, making this technology an important tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the natural gas industry. 

Isotherm Power​

Power at Zero Emission

Isotherm Power
Power at Zero Emission

Emission

The lowest emissions rank that known combustion technologies can guarantee

Ashes

The ashes are reduced to totally inert vitrified slags

LVH

96% of introduced heat (LHV) is recovered

Combustion

High rangeability of the combustion process (from 10% to 100%), at constant performance; response to power demand cycling

Water Content

Extended acceptance of water content in the fuel

CO2 Recovery

Ease in commercial CO2 recovery for different utilizations (Industry, Eor, sequestration)

Waste & Fuels

Capacity to burn simultaneously different kinds of waste and fuels

Small Plant

Compact relatively small plant highly automated

Registered Patents Application

  • PCT/IB2004/001220: METHOD AND PLANT FOR THE TREATMENT OF MATERIALS IN 16
  • PARTICULAR WASTE MATERIALS AND REFUSE
  • PCT/IB2005/001290: HIGH-EFFICIENCY COMBUSTORS WITH REDUCED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND PROCESSES FOR POWER GENERATION DERIVABLE THEREFROM
  • PCT/EP2007/011193: PROCESS FOR THE PURIFICATION OF COMBUSTION FUMES
  • PCT/EP2008/010054: COMBUSTION PROCESS
  • PCT/EP2008/010095: COMBUSTION PROCESS
  • PCT/EP2008/010096: COMBUSTION PROCESS
  • PCT/EP2010/060558: STEAM GENERATOR
  • PCT/EP2013/065390 COMBUSTION PROCESS FOR FUEL-CONTAINING VANADIUM COMPOUNDS
  • PCT/EP2013/065393 COMBUSTION PROCESS FOR FUEL-CONTAINING VANADIUM COMPOUNDS
  • PCT/EP2014/077543 PRESSURIZED OXY-COMBUSTION PROCESS
Approach to Combustion
Industrial Applications
Oil & gas Recovery Enhancing Processes
Oil & gas Recovery Enhancing Processes